Thursday, 24 Jul 2014
Opinion & Analysis
Constitutional Monarchy and Hindu Kingdom- Identified Symbols of Nepal

Nepal has been standing on the verge of disintegration for the last seven years. And neither the law nor decisions is working in Nepal. Due to the eccentric corrupt characters of the party leaders, the parliamentary system has not come to right path as well as the country's development programmed can move. The parties are choosing the ethnic lines to operate themselves to break Nepalese unity. This is tantamount to opting for a suicidal path. Due to the anti-nationalist activities of the Nepali Congress, UML and Maoist leaders, Nepal’s condition has become very critical. Due to the RAW nefarious conspirator roles, anti-India slogans are increasing day by day. So, to maintain the harmonious and cordial relation between Nepal and India and to keep intact Nepal's sovereignty, and Hindu Kingdom, there must be restored the unchangeable point of 1990 constitution.
The concern of the Nepalese people is complete democracy. Hindu Kingdom and the constitutional monarchical democratic system is the identified symbols of Nepal. The Nepalese people don’t want any dictatorial system and foreigners' intervention. Since 2006, we Nepalese people are suffering from Maoist, Congress and Communist party (UML)'s regime who are guided by the RAW, CIA, EU and Christian Mission to fulfil their pretty interest. After 2006, the constitution has stopped working. The foremost cause of the deteriorative situation of the country is the annulment of the constitution of 1990. What were pitfalls of the Constitution of 1990? It was suspended without reason by the hint of Congress (I) Govt. These are the causes of crisis in Nepal. Nepalese democratic exercise faced the black period in between 2005-2014. During the period, the Nepalese people tolerated the worst political practice made by corrupt leaders.
On 22 November, 2005, the 12-point agreement was reached under the direction of Congress (I) Govt. and its Indian intelligence wing RAW against the 1990 constitution to format the new constitution from Constituent Assembly (CA) to terrorize Nepal. Since that day, Nepal’s nationality and democracy have been endangered. The agendas of secularism, republic and federalism embedded in the 12-point understanding are not the agendas of political parties but of RAW, CIA, European nations and Christian missions. Now, Congress (I) the anti-Hindu Sonia Gandhi's regime has ended and the Hindu nationalist party-BJP is in power. And then, BJP should be changed the nefarious design of Congress (I) and RAW which was imposed against Nepal. We Nepalese people respectfully suggest to the Prime Minister of India, the Hon. Narendra Modi and the home minister Rajnath Singh and the External Minister of Govt. of India, Sushma Sworaj need to decide all about the conspirator roles of South Block and RAW proposing to restore the constitutional monarchy and Hindu Kingdom in Nepal before the visiting programmed of Nepal.
Hinduism and its culture and traditions have a long history spanning over a period of thousands and thousands of years and developed over several eras. It is understood that human civilization started to advance since the Vedic age. Hindu religion is the most personally expansive and psychologically empowering religion on earth. It is a path that teaches its followers to be fearless, dedicated, focused, strong, assertive, self-controlled, virtuous, self-reliant, and to strive for excellence in all endeavors. Among all religions of the world, Hindu religion is considered as an ancient religion that is recognized as the foundation of civilization and as the most liberal democratic way of life. Hinduism & Buddhism are the identities & cultural assets of Nepal.
The Lord Pashupathinath, Shoyambhunath, Lumbini, Barahachetra, Gosaikunda, Muktinath, Ridi, Janakidham, Devghat of Nepal, Kailash Mansharobar of Tibet (well accessed for Nepalese and Hindus), and Tirupati, Rameshroram, Jagannath, Badrinath, Amarnath of India are the symbolic shrines of Hinduism & Buddhism. The people of Nepal and India always have cordial relations due to the cultural and religious resemblance. They should know that if instability persists in Nepal, it could be a bastion of terrorism posing a threat to the whole world. When present India (Hindustan) was not in existence, there were more than 25 nations, 250 years ago, the great King Prithvi Narayan Shah expressed –"Nepal is true Hindustan" We have two pious Hindu countries in the world- Himabatkhanda and Bharatkhanda, Kailash-Mansarowar to Hinda-Mahasagar is the original place of Hindus and Hinduism. The Bramhaputra in east, Hindukush in west, north Kailash-Mansarowar and the south Ganga River is the boundary of Himabatkhanda (Nepal) and Ganga to Hinda-Mahasagar is Bharatkhanda (India). Kailash-Mansarowar is the pious land of the lord Shiva. Hindu Kush (Hindu's land) shows that two major kingdoms of Gandhaar & Vaahic Pradesh (Balkh of Bactria) had their borders extending far beyond the Hindu Kush. Legend has it that the kingdom of Gandhaar was established by Taksha, grandson of Bharat of Ayodhya. Gandhaar's borders extended from Takshashila to Tashkent in the present day Uzbekistan. In the later period, Mahabharat relates Gaandhaari as a princess of Gandhaar and her brother, Shakuni as a prince and later as Gandhaar's ruler.
Scholar V.S. Sardesai writes- ''Hindu'' does not come from Sindhu'. The country lying between the Himalayan mountain and Bindu Sarovara (Cape Comorin sea) is known as Hindustan by combination of the first letter 'hi' of 'Himalaya' and the last compound letter 'ndu' of the word 'Bindu.' The historian Yogi Naraharinath also has written- 'Himalaya, Him' indicates 'Hindu.' Hindu religion is the world's most liberal and tolerant religion. Despite being a Hindu country, Nepal is the most liberal and tolerant non-secular country in the world. The philosophy of Hinduism is guided as- "to refrain from all evils, to do what is good and to purify the mind". High thinking & Simple living is the way of Hindus. In Sanskrit, Hindu means 'Hi'= Sun, 'Indu'= moon. Nepalese national flag is also decorated by Sun and Moon. The triangular flag with the Sun and Moon is based on the principles of Hinduism. The national flag of Nepal has its own identity and recognition in the world.
The Nepalese flag is very inclusive and represents to all the castes and tribes insisting the nature. The flag of Nepal is the symbol of unity in diversity. The Maoist wants to change the national flag. That is why; the intention of Maoist is to abolish the identity of Nepalese nationality. To change the national flag is irrational. The Nepalese people believe, Nepal will remain eternal till there is the Sun and Moon. The western renowned philosopher Voltaire, George Bernard Shaw, German scholar Nitse, Megasthaniz and Fai-Han has written many books supporting the Hindu philosophy expressing the evolutionary process of the world's civilization. Hindu philosophy is incomparably greater intellectual work than the Bible?
There is a misconception in some minds that Hindu scriptures sanction the caste system. But being based on Vedas, Hinduism does not permit any caste system, whatsoever. Vedas, the proud possession of mankind, are the foundation of Hinduism. Vedas are all-embracing, and treat the entire humanity with the same respect and dignity. Vedas speak of nobility of entire humanity (Krinvanto Vishvam Maryam), and do not sanction any caste system or birth based caste system. Mantra number 10-13-1 of Rig Veda addresses entire humanity as divine children (Shrunvantu vishve Amrutsya Putraha). Innumerable Mantras of Vedas emphasize one-ness, universal brotherhood, harmony, happiness, affection, unity and commonality of entire humanity. Rig Veda, the Divine Poet declares, "All men are brothers; no one is big, no one is small.
'Hindu tradition is focused on similarities and shared traits rather than differences and exclusions. This makes its identity indefinable yet definite in its features. This means that despite its universalism there are a plethora of beliefs and practices that can be uniquely identified with Hinduism. Without doctrinal rigidity, the Hindu mind has engaged itself with questions that beleaguer the entire humankind rather than issues limited to Hindus. A Hindu identity cannot be sought through conversion or differentiation between believers and non-believers. It has to be acquired through acculturation and assimilation through the recognition of such principles and disciplines that would lead any human being to become a better person and live in harmony with Dharma — the natural path of righteous conduct. Thus Hinduism bows to the potential of every individual to attain enlightenment, to become a messiah unto herself or himself. (An Indian Scholar Mr. Ram Madhav)
Nepalese all around the world and Nepal's well-wishers are anxious about the conspiracy designed by some deviant party leaders against the Monarchy and Hinduism. Nepal will not become a heaven on earth just because monarchy is actually abolished and republican system ushered in. Nepal has already received so much respect and identity for being a Hindu kingdom. The essences of Nepalese nationalism are- Hinduism, constitutional monarchy and Nepali language. If these basic foundations are violated, national unity and sustainable peace cannot be achieved. The conflict between the political parties and the king came up because of the mistakes and blunders of the Nepali Congress and the CPN-UML and the authoritarian thinking of the Maoist. But, where would they stand abolishing Nepal and its identity. The nation and its people will win only if all the political leadership realizes this fact. Hindus by nature are peaceful, law abiding and secular people. However, it is a matter of great regret that Hindus are not being treated with the respect and dignity they deserve.
However at the political level, Indian government has been trying to create nuisance in Nepal's effort to strengthen its nationalism and democracy. Indian leaders must understand that if Nepal due to any reason, is destroyed, India won't get any peace. Forgetting Nepal's background of Hinduism and Buddhism, a democratic country like India, should not work to create anarchy and establish terrorism in Nepal. But why are the United Nations, America and other foreign powers, despite knowing the identity and value of Nepal, are supporting the continuous ruin of this country? Hinduism is the mother of all religions. But we in Nepal are trying to dig up a well though there already is water in our rivers. 'OM' is a symbol of Vedic Knowledge. Hindus, Buddhist's Mantra. It provides a fine example of Symbolism. Symbolism is needed in all fields of human knowledge like science, religion and politics.
As it is known and acknowledged, the Hindu civilization has made an immense contribution towards the advancement of humanity and human civilization across the world. From ancient times Hindus have made the most significant contributions in the fields of astronomy, astrology, mathematics, chemistry, medicine, art, music and last but most important, in the field of spirituality and divine cognition. The nectar of Hindu spiritual doctrines and practices was practically rediscovered by the west in the 20th century and many a harried westerner, worn down by the hectic pace of a technology and money driven life has found solace in the transcendental path of yogic practices and the ancient Vedic spirituality.-(A Saint-Tapan Ghash). Mathematics served as a bridge between understanding material reality and the spiritual conception. The mathematics of the Vedas contrasts the cold, clear, and geometric precision of the West and is cloaked in the poetic language that distinguishes the East. Vedic mathematicians devised sutras for solving mathematical problems with apparent ease.
If we want to know the greatness of Hinduism, we can see The Great Wall of China, "the seventh wonders of the world" has a fourteen feet long Sanskrit incantation engraved on the western gate. Mongolian emperor Kublai Khan had written 'OM Namo! Bhagawati' including others in the 14th century. The Chinese Great Wall has many syllables from 'Mahabharata' written on the doors in Sanskrit language. It is not a common thing that the language was written in Kalipinya letters. NEWSWEEK COLUMNIST Ms Lisa Miller says-'we are all Hindus. The Rig Veda, the most ancient Hindu scripture, says: "Truth is one, but the sages speak of it by many names." A Hindu believes there are many paths to God. The most traditional, conservative Christians have not been taught to think like this. They learn in Sunday school that their religion is true, and others are false. Let us all say "OM." when you chant "OM," it will resonate not only in the room but down through the ages.' May 13, 2010 at >
We in Nepal are suffering from the madness notorious activities of Christians and its brokers to destroy the Hindu identity in this pious land. Senior leader of B.J.P Lalkrishna Advani had said: 'The framework for constitutional monarchy in Nepal should be consolidated because monarchy is the symbol of Nepal's identity and sovereignty. Nepal should have an active and dynamic multi-party democracy'. Present Home minister of the Govt. of India and the BJP leader Rajnath Singh said- 'We used to feel proud that Nepal was the only Hindu kingdom in the world,' Singh said. 'I will be happy when Nepal is a Hindu state again. 'We used to feel proud that Nepal was the only Hindu kingdom in the world. 'I will be happy when Nepal is a Hindu state again. No one is appealing to the Islamic states of Pakistan and Bangladesh to become secular. But it was done in Nepal.' - 2010-3-22, in Nepal. Foreign Relations Deparment Chiej of BJP Vijay Jolly said-' I am a Hindu who follows Hinduism. I am much upset as a decision on such an important topic was taken without taking people's opinion' July 4th 2014 Kathmandu.
In 28 June 2014: All India Hindu Convention passes a resolution to declare Nepal as a Hindu Nation. 'Nepal has since time immemorial been identified as Vaidik Sanatan Hindu Nation in the form of a Devabhumi (Land of Deities), Shivbhumi (Land of Shiv), Tapobhumi (Land of penance), Gyanbhumi (Land of knowledge) and Gorakshabumi (Land of protection of cows) under the rule of Deity Shri Pashupatinath; however, due to the anti-Hindu school of thought of the leftist, Nepal lost the status of the Hindu Nation and was declared a secular Nation. Presently, interim constitution 2063 is in force in Nepal, in which Secular republic status and Democracy have been made irreversible. Consequently, adversities on Dharma such as conversions, cow-slaughter has increased in Nepal. Besides, Nepal is on the verge of a religious-war. Eighty-two percent of the Hindus residing in Nepal are staunch followers of Sanatan Hindu Dharma. Most of them aspire that Nepal once again becomes a Hindu Nation. So that Nepal becomes Hindu Nation once again, this convention passes the resolution that, 1. This Convention supports morally, politically and at all the levels the local Hindus, who are making efforts so that Nepal be declared as a Hindu Nation. 2. Nepal’s Parliament should declare Nepal a Hindu Nation 3. The Secular Government of Bharat should not interfere directly or indirectly to crush the future movement to force the Nepal Government to declare Nepal as a Hindu Nation.' (It was passed on the leadership by Upananda Brahmachari- the Editor of Hindu Existence and friends)
So, in the visit time of the External Minister of Govt of India Hon. Sushma Swaraj should convince and should have to press to the nonsense Nepalese party leader- (Maoist, Congress, UML) the secularists, republicans who had guided by Congress (I) Govt. and its RAW, CIA and EU, to restore the constitutional monarchy and Hindu Kingdom in Nepal for the stability, peace and to keep intact the prestige of Hindus in all over the world.
Actually, the real introduction of Christianity we should have to remember the expression by American former President Jefferson has said- 'The Christian religion subjected many to inhumane torture in course of proselytizing them– many were imprisoned; many thrown into fire, and given mental torture. The Christian religion deceived and tricked half the population of the world to keep them in illusion. Other half were made naïve.' Similarly, South African leader Nelson Mandela has said- 'In Africa, previously the Christians had the bible we possessed the land. Today we have the bible while Christians possess the land.' So, Hinduism is the foundation of human civilization. The Hindu Philosophy preaches that all the people of the world are our friends. Fraternity & honesty always has been propounded by Hindus. However, the Racism and social discriminations are the great hindrances of Hindus. Of course it needs to be corrected. If we respect each other, our problems will be mitigated gradually. Then, Nepal must be restored Hindu Kingdom with constitutional monarchy with respect.

Youth Migration a Boon?

Migration is a huge phenomenon and one of the key issues of global attention today. Although the movement and settlement of people across borders is not a new phenomenon, the accelerated magnitude and extent of current migration is phenomenal. Contemporary migration is taking place, at least, in twofold: internal and external. They can further be divided into temporary migration and permanent migration. Internal migration is the movement of people from one place to another within a country whereas external migration is people’s movement from one country to another either for short-term arrangement (temporary migration) or long term settlement (permanent migration). International migration takes place in many directions: from south to south, between east and west, from south to north and vice versa.
International migration carries the promise of substantially accelerating development, poverty reduction and the emancipation of the people. The reports from World Bank, the International Organization for Migration and Global Commission on International Migration and UN High-Level Dialogue on Migration and Development optimistically concur that international migration is a huge asset for development of the source countries of migration. Even though majority of migration is taking place in neighboring countries, the trend of moving from south to north is in the rise.
People from poor countries migrate to north and other lucrative destinations in the Middle East (Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Malaysia, Israel etc.), as well as South Korea and Japan looking for employment opportunities. Many of them end up doing the lowest rank-of-the-ladder jobs or the so called ‘3Ds”. In return, the remittance flows to developing countries are comparatively larger than foreign investment or overseas aid. The World Bank estimates that there are more than 200 million migrants in the world now, and the money (remittance) migrant workers send home stands over 300 billion dollars per year. The remittance sent by migrant workers directly goes into the hands of family members exactly the same amount bypassing the complex and wasteful bureaucratic system through which international aid is channelized. In many developing countries the percentage of the population working abroad and the percentage of GDP represented by remittances run into double digits. Migration also reduces overpopulation, unemployment, and poverty of the source country. And migrants’ remittance will contribute to the welfare and well-being of the locals because they create a new demands for locally produced commodities and services, which has a positive effect on local employment and income.
This optimistic side does not necessarily and/or automatically lead to development of the source countries. A range of critical issues needs attention here. The potential success of migration depends much on the volume and direction of migration that is the shifts in migration frontiers, the composition of the flows such as the volume of low versus high skilled migration, the degree of feminization of labour migration, the consequences of the rise of migration industries, the degree of circulation and return of migrants and the politicization of migration. Phenomena such as circular migration, brain gain, skill formation, migrant entrepreneurship, social remittances, transnational philanthropy and politics, and the role of migrant returnees and the diaspora clearly stimulate the discourse of development in context.
The context of Nepalese migration is not new by any means but types. Remittances have contributed to alleviation of income poverty by directly increasing household expenditure capacity for consumptions, and providing access to finance. Although it is not empirically proved, migration can contribute to utilizing knowledge, skills and resources of migrant diaspora and returnees. In terms of achieving Millennium Development Goals, a recent study, by ADB, on the factors behind the decline in poverty shows that while high food prices and non-food prices increased poverty by 5.15% and 1.09% respectively, the increase in income primarily driven by remittances decreased poverty by 14.86%, leading to a net decline in poverty by 7.61% annually between 2003 and 2010. It is encouraging but it is also important to investigate how the remittance is being spent and social costs associated with it? Is it making a short-term difference in statistics or supporting the long-term sustainable changes in society? Is the larger portion of remittance used for productive sectors or consumption only? Is it helping to consolidate family fabrics or leading to collapse of family ties? Recent research demonstrated that about 80 per cent of remittance flowing into a household is spent on daily consumption and just 2.4 per cent in capital formation. A micro-level household survey conducted recently in five village district committees of Mahottari district in the Terai plains showed that remittances are mostly spent on mobile phones/laptops and to repay loans, which have interest as high as 36 per cent, taken informally from moneylenders in villages.
No doubt, remittances have been crucial in reducing poverty, empowering women and inequalities by increasing expenditure capacities of poor households, giving more socio-political interactive opportunities to women and widening their consumption baskets, yet it should not be considered as a substitute to formulating and implementing long-term economic growth and job creating investment policy reforms. Among others, agricultural policy reforms are paramount to capitalize sustainability of Nepalese economy. According to the Sixth National Agriculture Census 2011/12, there are 3.831 million farming households in Nepal and the families that were completely dependent on agriculture but due to reducing agricultural productions, they are diversifying their attention to other sectors primarily migration of male-youths. The migration of the male-youths from villages across the country has made ‘feminization of agriculture’ and/or ‘old people’s social-networks’. This trend of migration has not only left the land to be fallow, and non-productive but the development of a ‘no-male-youths-culture’ for social functions or participatory social and political actions. Some other emerging social drawbacks attached to youths’ migration, widely reported by the Nepalese media, are: the rise of divorce, psychological impacts on women, increasing income dependency and family falling apart.
According to Central Bureau of Statistics, the unemployment rate stands at an alarming 46% and currently 1,500 youths leave the country every day in search of foreign employment. The perennial political instability, and high unemployment rate with no promise of future that the youths dream for in the age of globalization, most of the youths have been consistently opting out from Nepal for employment opportunities in Middle East although most of these youths end up doing 3-D jobs at destinations. Another large portion of youth population is leaving country for foreign education and permanent settlement abroad. Due to the lack of appropriate legal mechanism, migration of women has often been a problematic issue on the other hand. However, the concerned authorities have not seemed to be bothered about these issues and extensive youth population drain at the expense socio-politico-economic costs is arguably occurring. In his address during a program marking the International Youth Day, Khila Raj Regmi, Nepal's former interim government’s Chairman said that the government had taken the issue of migration seriously and it would soon come up with various plans to solve the problem. On February 6, 2014 Kantipur Daily reported, “The government has introduced an incentive package for agriculture enterprises and animal husbandry in a bid to restrict the soaring number of youths leaving the country for foreign jobs”. Although the incentive package aspires to reduce the out-migration of youths but as it is, it is cumbersome and little has been (will be) achieved unless clearly articulated efficient, robust and timely policies are transparently introduced to attract the youths to prop up social, political and economic prosperity of the country. All stakeholders including civil society, academics and the media need to highlight the issue and deliberate for potential solutions. Politicians and policy makers need to turn these potential solutions into policies for endogenous development and sustainable prosperity.

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Faces of Nepalese Prime Ministers, 1990-2014

In Nepal, the constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democratic system can move the country with coordination. In practice, there must be coordinated and balance among the nationality, monarchy and democracy. But, due to the recklessness of the leadership in national devlopment, Nepal is in disarray because the regime has always been in the grip of traitors and corrupt leaders. In the name of democracy, from 1990, the national state treasury was pilfered by the politicians who were in power. After the establishment of an all-party system in 1990, the week when Krishna Prasad Bhattarai became the Prime Minister of the interim rule, 10 Nepal Police personnel were killed in broad daylight. All miscreants, murderers, corrupts and criminals jailed during the Panchayat period were released by taking commission. Rs.150 million was distributed to just about anyone under the pretext of political victims.
During the visit in India by the interim Prime Minister-Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, a statement was signed on 10 June in 1990 that lacked remarks over alleged Indian blockade on Nepal. The view of common money and Common River was introduced unnecessary- a move that broke the backbone of nation’s industrial sector. But, in total, he could format the 2047 constitution supporting by all sectors and participation. The main objective of the 2047 constitution is to strengthen the nationality, monarchy and parliamentary democracy. He wanted to apply the political ideology of BP Koirala in practice. The former PM Krishna Prasad Bhattarai- passed away 2068-BS who was a dedicated personality of constitutional monarchy, parliamentary democracy and Hindu Kingdom. He stood steadfast and never abandoned his principles for the shake of power and privileges until his last breath. He was non-corrupt nationalist. He had a sharp sense of humor that could satire to everybody. When he became Prime minister two times he was with one trunk (old box), one water jar and one umbrella and after his tenure of PM, he returned with the same three things but not valuable armaments and money.
In 1991, Girija Prasad Koirala became the Prime Minister. After becoming the premier, Koirala Congressionized the nation’s administrative management and introduced several, plans and pilfered state coffers. Koirala until 1994, sold 12 organizations and industries contributed by China, taking millions as commission. He drained the nation’s economy through the Boeing, Damija and Lauda scams in the name of suppressing communist- the suppression impelled Maoist revolution. It is a habit of Koirala to support the King when he retains the post and jump in opposition against King after being removed from the post. Koirala who became Prime Minister every now and then through many conspiracies became PM once again after 2005 by treading on the Constitution and riding on Maoist shoulders. We had believed he would not repeat the past mistakes while working. After reaching the state power Koirala declared secularism and republic to perish Nepal’s identity. Traitors never become positive.
Congress leader, Sherbahadur Deuba who became Prime Minister after the Supreme Court forcibly reinstated the abolished parliament in 1995, became a man in no man’s land. After becoming PM, Deuba devised various ideas to retain the power. Deuba declared pensions for parliamentarians; increased allowances by 10 times the number then provided them with Prado and Pajero vehicles. He also led the anti-nationalist Mahakali Treaty. He provided the platform for many corrupts in the cabinet to drain the nation’s money. Yes- India is not a terrorist country, but it gave shelters to the Nepalese Maoists to wage war against Nepalese Govt. and monarchy in particular. Then, Deupa's Govt. tagged the Maoists as the terrorist and put price on the Maoist leaders heads. After 2005 they joined the hands by the mediation of RAW in the name of constituent Assembly for desintrigate the Nepalese unity, nationality. During his third time as PM after King Gyanendra took to power, the PM drained state money. He could not do anything in name of the nation. Sher Bahadur is the political pendulum and corrupt man of congress’ politics. The period when Sher Bahadur reigned as PM is considered an extremely corrupt era.
There are two truths in the world, natural and artificial. Things that humans can manipulate by knowing and understanding are artificial. Those things that lie outside the bounds of humans’ desire can be taken as natural. Corrupt leaders and traitors have taken control over Nepal’s state governance. They do not want to respect the natural structure nor do they embrace artificial ideologies. Due to traitors, the nation is becoming unstable. These traitors have one aim; and that is to fulfill their self-interest. For them, it is, ‘Ends justify the means’. A good man’s goal will be to conclude the process already underway towards another goal. It is, ‘Means justify ends.’ In Nepal, during the Panchayat rule there were no arrangements for an opposition in constitutional framework. An all party system was established in 1990 so as to run the state on policies of both the state parties and the opposition. However, Nepali Congress and UML that successively came to government after the establishment of democracy pillaged the state coffer sending the country to dregs.
An analyst Rabi Bhandari ‘Pratap’ writes on a subject pertaining to the amount of properties added by Sher Bahadur Deuba after he became Prime Minister. He writes, “Sher Bahadur has 269 Ropanis (equivalent to 5,625 square feet) of land in Sainbu, Bhainsepati; in Bhaktapur the leader has 100 Ropanis; 50 Ropanis land equivalent to Rs. 6 billion near Fewa Lake in Pokhara, and his house in Budhanilkantha costs approximately Rs. 500 million. How much money, gold, silver and other materials has he deposited in national and international banks? Rumor has it that the commission he received when purchasing weapons from Belgium were deposited in Singapore bank. He says that his properties were all gained from his wife’s side. However, his wife’s background is that of a not so rich family living in Jawalakhel, who was able to use Shumsher as surname due to the demand of Bobod, son of Juda Shumsher’s concubine. Arju Rana, wife of Deuba, used to ride a black scooter in 1990. We can clearly grasp the economic plight of Arju’s family in the book of ‘Sri Teens’ by Purushottam Shumsher Rana.
After the 2nd mass election 2052 BS, CPN (UML) leader Manmohan Adhikary became the PM of Nepal who was not a corrupt leader but during his reign as PM corruption was made easy. Manmohan who did not sign the Mahakali Treaty supported the Mahakali Treaty. Surya Bahadur Thapa and Lokendra Bahadur Chand who held considerable sway during Panchayat era also drained national coffers to suffice the needs of their men and to quench the need till their seventh-generation. Lokendra Bahadur is incapable in political terms and filth for nationality. Surya Bahadur Thapa is a corrupt leader of conservative factionalism. Surya Bahadur became successful in becoming PM by drawing on various plots. In 2003, after Thapa became PM he expanded the pension camp of Indian soldier board and gave entry to Indian power in more than 25 districts. This allowed Indians to impose as much as programmed in their capability. Surya Bahadur is a traitor.
Tulsi Giri and Kirtinidhi Bista who came to fame as nationalist by becoming PM in Panchayat era became vice chairman of the cabinet formed under the chairmanship of the King after 2004. They were subjected to humiliation after they proved to be incapable. The royal institution was pushed into trouble as wrong people gained the opportunity to hold power. Among the deputy prime ministers Madhav Kumar Nepal (the former PM), Bharat Mohan Adhikary, Bamdev Gautam, Upendra Yadav, Bijaya Gachedar did nothing more than fulfill their self interest and suck at the nation. When late Shailaja Acharya took a stance on a policy she was chased by her maternal uncle -Girija. Since 1990 Kumbahadur Khadka, Gobindaraj Joshi, Pashupati Shamshre, Jayaprakash Gupta, Hridayesh Tripathi, Rajendra Mahato and after 2008 Sujata Koirala, ( Daughter of Girija) the deputy PM and ministers but they earned a fame of ambushing the nation in the net of corruption.
Among the entire Prime Ministers of Nepal, Krishna Prasad Bhattarai and UML leader Manmohan Adhikary are known as persons with untainted image regardless of the 10 point agreement reached with the government on 10 July 1990 by KP Bhattarai and support to Mahakali treaty by Manamohan Adhikari.
The Maoist chairman Prachanda became Prime minister-2008 but he was non-starter and could not do anything except confusions. PM Prachanda's views were not explicit. Girija Prasad destroyed Nepali Congress and the nation. During his visit to India, he kicked the upper Karnali and Arun Third including the commitment of Mahakali treaty and handed them to India. Citizenship certificates were distributed to millions of foreigners but the party remained silent. Maoist boasts about being secular has attacked the culture, tradition and moved in contravention to exiting rules by appointing priests in Pashupatinath Temple. It revoked its earlier decision after witnessing people's revolt and accepted the past mistake. This drama has revealed the dual character of Prachanda.
Due to their notorious activities of Maoists, the non-starter government could not move and Maoist Prachanda resigned without reason. The Maoists intention to establish the one-party rule by money and guns constitutes the essence of power. Now, the Maoists want to destroy the system of the court as well as the norms of national Army to establish a totalitarian Stalinist state and isolate Nepal from the international arena in pursuit of their antiquated ideology.
After the resignation of Maoist chairman Prachanda, and then, imposing from India, UML leader Madhab nepal became the Prime minister. He could not do anything for the benefit of the country. The shameless activities under the 12-point agreement are clear indications of the bias the antinationalist party leaders have towards India. By making a republic, secularism and federalism, their agenda, the congress, UML and other parties are only digging their own graves. Madhav nepal also resigned showing the path of consensus. But, the consensus is becoming only a drama. The resignation of the Prime Minister Madhab Nepal could not give the solution.
After the resignation of Madhab Nepal, other UML leaders Jhalanath became the PM by the support of the Maoist Prachanda. Jhalanath also lost his all credibility when he became the PM of Nepal like a non starter driver. Jhalanath Khanal, who touched on controversy inside his party after supporting the Maoists, became Prime Minister for seven months. He resigned weeping. Within the three major parties – Nepal Congress, UML and Unified CPN (Maoist) – things are getting revealed. Jhalanath was chased, after he became the premier, in support of the Maoists. After Jalanath Khanal, the Maoist 2nd leader Baburam Bhattarai became the PM of Nepal by the interest of RAW. The former chief of Protocol of foreign Ministry Gopal Thapa has expressed- 'Baburam Bhattarai makes no effort to hide his pathological hatred for the western band of democracy. Like his fellow comrades, he is convinced that peace, progress and prosperity in Nepal is possible only when the old set of political, social and cultural values are destroyed completely through their brand of radical communism'.(22 June,2012)
After the Royal Palace Massacre, the Maoist leader Dr. Baburam Bhattarai wrote blaming the King Gyanendra, according to the suggestion of P. Harmij (Nepal-Chief of RAW) that King Gyanendra was responsible for the Palace massacre, 2001 (Kantipur Nepali daily Nepali Bs 2058 Jestha 24. P. Baburam is mentally corrupt who wants to destroy all the identities of Nepal who always has obeyed P.Harmij. Harmij, being both are Catholic. It is notable that after the Royal Massacre, P. Harmij was appointed the Chief of RAW in India. Dr. Baburam Bhattarai showed his action as a most controversial and first Christian Prime ministers of Nepal. Due to his wrong thought regarding Nepalese nationality, Dr. Babauram Bhattarai's position is in confused state. Because, being the product of JNU-Delhi, he has forgotten the Nepalese nationality and the people's aspirations. The fact is that during the insurgency in Nepal the Nepalese Maoists, enjoyed the Indian soil as safe shelter and also received enough funds and underground trainings for its fighters for arms and explosives in the Indian camps. Through the 12-point agreement, India became a decisive factor to remove the institution of monarchy with the help of the Nepali Maoist, which was declared terrorists by India. India played a double game while dealing with terrorism.
On the direction of Indian intelligence, scattered Madhesis leaders who are followers of India were gathered and 4 point agreement was made to be Dr. Bhattarai as a PM of Nepal. As he became prime minister just a day after 4 point agreement he initiated to incorporate 10000 Madeshis in Nepalese army, supported anti-national slogan 'One Madhesh singe province' and displaced national dress of Nepal. He decided to demolish the statue of Father of nation King Tribhuvan insulting him. King Tribhuvan has made great contribution in revolution of 2007 BS. He denied accepting national unity day and the birth occasion of the founder of big Nepal the great King Prithbinarayan Shah. He tried to implement AD instead of Bikram Sambat. He protected murderers, kidnappers and corrupts and incorporated in his cabinet. Actually, the former PM Baburam Bhattarai became active to pull the country in drain just as newly born baby thrown in boiling water by a doctor.
After the expiry of Constituent Assembly at midnight of 14th Jesta 2068, almost one year, the four parties Syndicate and the puppet the CJ Khilraj Regmi are legally debarred from exercising any constitutional right without constitutional mandate. After the Maoist Baburam Bhattarai, the CJ Khilraj Regmi a had appointed as a head of government for 2nd CA election, damaging the norms of judiciary and the democratic norms in a dictatorial style by the hint of RAW and western countries finishing the norms of judiciary. After the 2nd CA election, Nepali Congress leader Susil Koirala became the PM of Nepal. The PM Susil Koirala is one of the incompetent political actors in Nepali Congress who has no sense of Nepalese nationality and political judgment. He is getting fizzle out himself. In his cabinet, many corrupted ministers have exercising in corruptions. Can we expect that the traitors save Nepal?' Crows are never the white for washing.' What can we expect when wrong elements come to power? I am very sorry to write that those who raped the nation capturing the regime, the corrupt PMs, Ministers, administrators, corrupts personal and their brokers who were and are involving to loot the country and to destroy Nepal. These evil elements must be punished confiscating their property, keeping in jail.
An analyst Bec Ordish writes- 'Nepal is not a poor country; it is just poorly governed.' 'Nepali Congress (NC) and CPN (UML) again seem to be fascinated with dog-eat-dog competition for pouncing upon greater chunk in the share of power. Similarly, the UCPN (Maoist) is again using wayward tactics to meet its own political end. The threat to boycott the CA citing "massive vote rigging" can, in no way, be termed as a rational political exercise. Other parties who suffered humiliating defeat in the CA election is also crying foul by backing the Maoists. The parties are also nominating many businessmen as their PR candidates in exchange of the kickback provided to political leaders.' The country spent billions of rupees to conduct the 2nd CA elections, yet, there is no certainty that a constitution will be written within one year or even within four years. Even if the constitution is drafted, whether that will be acceptable to all or the constitution is going to be burnt immediately after its issuance. So, it is uncertainty to format the new constitution.
So, to safeguard the nationality & democracy, the King ought to be re-established, and the parliamentary democracy should be strong. Equally, the political leaders must be patriotic & be true to what they say. The problems of Nepal will only be resolved only when the King and the nationalist people's leaders are together in Nepal. What were pitfalls of the Constitution of 1990? Why was it suspended without reason? What kind of new constitution would we require? Why has India supported the Constituent assembly? This Indian conspiracy is the causes of crisis in Nepal. But, since 14th May 2014, the BJP Narendra Modi won India chasing the nefarious leadership of Congress (I)- Sonia Gandhi regime and the RAW. Due to the notorious conspirator role of Congress (I)-the Catholic Sonia regime has ended forever.
Nepalese people are feeling that the country in the worst situation in Nepalese history. We Nepalese people hope- Govt. of BJP should be realized the nefarious activities of to break Nepal imposing the secularism (Christianity) and republic and its will suggest to restore the Hindu kingdom and constitutional monarchy to maintain the cordial relation between Nepal and India and to keep intact peace in this zone. Monarchy and Hindu Kingdom are co-related in Nepal. The permanent institution- 'monarchy' can put unites the cordial relation between Nepal, India and China. Nepalese king has ever acted or walked on the path which is against Nepal's national interest. The Constitution-1990 has been forcibly abducted by the same vicious circle by using the modes of unilateral and undemocratic process. It would be right medication to Nepal to reinstate the unchangeable constitutional points of the constitution-2047 BS in order to fill-up the democratic and constitutional gap with the presence of monarchy, political parties and nationalist forces including the army, police and court and various organs of the nation.


A Statistically Tested Way to Stop Terrorism and Boost Iraqi Economy

NBC News reports that U.S. President Barack Obama said "I don't rule out anything," and "my national security team is looking at all the options" with regard to the rapidly growing unrest in Iraq. "This is an area that we have been watching with a lot of concern," he said.
Even if The Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, or ISIS, is defeated, the problem of terrorism will not likely be solved for long, particularly if the Iraq's economy does not improve. It would be just a matter of time before other terrorists move in to take their place. History shows that past defense plans regarding Iraq have failed. These plans were based largely on conjecture, and now we have seen their outcome. The conventional military approach of fighting terrorism lacks a statistical guarantee of success of where a leader like Obama can wisely and safely assert "yes, this approach will definitely work."
Obviously, it is a dangerous time in Iraq. Civil war looms. This is why it is particularly risky to base one's military plans on guesswork, as a massive firestorm could erupt, further crippling Iraq's economic growth. It is already extremely difficult for Iraq to lure international business to assist in boosting its struggling economy. If a full-blown war were to break out in Iraq, this situation would certainly become much worse.
There is a scientifically-validated approach to effectively, efficiently, quickly end turmoil and boost the economy. If Obama has the political will to suggest that the Iraqi military deploy an unusual but effective approach, and they agree. It will no longer be necessary to base defense plans on guesses.
This means of violence removal is based on peer-reviewed research. The approach has been field-tested by militaries and validated by 23 studies published in peer-reviewed scientific journals. Based on 25 years of research, it has been endorsed by independent scientists and scholars.
Where deployed by foreign military circles worldwide, it is known as Invincible Defense Technology (IDT), the Unified Field Technology. The Unified Field effect, IDT, has been statistically proven numerous times to decrease and prevent violence, terrorism, and boost the economy. This defense technology supersedes all others based on weaker electronic, chemical, and nuclear forces. Any military that correctly deploys this powerful human-resource-based technology, due to the coherence of this Unified Field effect, does not allow negative trends and/or enemies to arise internally or externally. No enemies means, no terrorism. The military becomes "invincible" because there are no enemies to fight.
Despite the success of IDT deployment by other militaries, the Iraq military continues to rely almost solely on its non-unified field-based weaponry, rather than on IDT statistically tested prevention-based approach.
IDT involves creating Preventive Wings of the Military. The warrior's daily routine includes twice a day practice of a human resource-based technology, which is known and researched as the Transcendental Meditation® and its advanced TM-Sidhi program. As a military societal coherence-creating unit, (the Unified Field Technology Quiet Impact Group), they quietly practice these programs twice a day, seven days a week, preferably in a secure location near the targeted population. Their presence and deep-field influence operation does not need to be disclosed to achieve the effect of violence removal and conflict resolution.
The 23 studies carried out in developed and developing nations in all continents, including Europe, Australia, the Middle East, Africa, Southeast Asia, and Latin America, constitute the largest and the most successful experiment in social sciences of the 20th century.
For instance, in a 1978 IDT intervention a total of 1,400 civilian IDT experts went to five world trouble spots - Lebanon, Iran, Rhodesia, Kampuchea, and Nicaragua. For about 10 weeks they used the Unified Field effect to create societal coherence and stop violence. In 1978, 14,567 terrorist/fight events were recorded in the Conflict and Peace Data Bank (COPDAB), the world's largest such resource. Time series analysis showed the IDT project had a strong and statistically significant effect world-wide. Contingency table analysis of COPDAB data against a 10-week control period, against a 1-year baseline, and against a 10-year baseline all showed improvement. Investigators report trouble-spot areas experienced noticeable decreases in violence and disorder upon arrival of the group, and, in general, a return to previous trends upon their departure.
Such coherence-creating groups have achieved positive benefits to society, shown statistically, in even just 48 hours. Modern statistical methods used in this research preclude chance or coincidence.
The IDT, the Unified Field Technology approach was used during wartime (drop in fighting and in number of deaths and casualties, progress toward resolving the conflict), and in peace (drop in crime rate, drop in violent death index, decrease of misery index, drop in unemployment, rise in a quality of life index). Societies using it perform extremely well in a very short time. This is what decreased the intensity of war in Lebanon in 1984 in a dramatic way in 48 hours, to name only one of the successful experiments. In 1992, President Joaquim Chissano, Lt. Gen. Tobias Dai, and the Chiefs of Staff of the Mozambique military carefully analyzed the IDT research. They made a unanimous decision to adopt it for their country by training about 3,000 soldiers and 16,000 police.
As predicted, violence disappeared by 1993. Societies using these groups also become more self-sufficient. For instance, in Mozambique the economic growth reached 19%. Once the poorest world country in 1992, by 2000; it had moved up to be the world's fastest-growing economy.
Militaries worldwide are training military IDT experts. They are creating the Unified Field Technology Quiet Impact Groups. The historical ramifications of this are profound. By accessing the Unified Field of all the Laws of Nature, these military IDT groups are harnessing the most powerful force in the universe, and creating a powerful influence of coherence for the region. Statistics objectively says "yes, the approach works." Why not do it for Iraq? Why not do it for the United States, too?
If United States President Barack Obama really means that he will not rule anything out, and his administration has "been in close consultation with the Iraqi government to try to address problems they have," then he should have the will to examine the 25 years of statistical research data to see the statistical guarantee of effectiveness the method presents. He should have the courage to request that Iraq establish Preventive Wings of the Military to ease high tensions and prevent further terrorism and war. If they promptly act, Iraq could create lasting peace, boost its economy and gain international prestige.

About the authors:

Teresa Studzinski, M.A. is the President and Co-founder of The Global Alliance for Preventive Wings in the Military, a 501(c)(3) organization, and CEO of Technology and Transformation LLC. Teresa is an Expert in the Unified Field Technology - IDT Social and Military Application and a member of The Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association - AFCEA International. She is also a businesswoman and formerly investigative journalist, member of The Foreign Press Association in New York and The National Press Club in Washington, D.C. Teresa travelled widely to interview such political figures as Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, former US National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice, Henry Kissinger, and many others.

David Leffler, Ph.D. is the author of "A New Role for the Military: Preventing Enemies from Arising - Reviving an Ancient Approach to Peace" which was featured in the Journal of Management & Social Science (JMSS). JMSS is published in Karachi, Pakistan by the Institute of Business and Technology (BIZTEK). Dr. Leffler was a member of the US Air Force for nearly nine years. He served as an Associate of the Proteus Management Group at the Center for Strategic Leadership, US Army War College. Dr. Leffler now serves as the Executive Director at the Center for Advanced Military Science (CAMS) and teaches IDT. He is on Twitter.

Citizen's Investment Trust to provide bonus, cash dividend

KATHMANDU, JULY 16: , Jul 16: The Citizen´s Investment Trust (CIT) is to provide bonus shares and cash dividends from the profit remaining from previous years and the profit from FY 2012/13.
The 19th Annual General Assembly chaired by Ministry of Information and Communications Secretary and CIT Chairman, Suman Prasad Sharma, decided to provide 50 percent bonus shares and 2.63 percent cash dividend from the rest by keeping Rs. 38.6 million from the profit in reserve fund.
Distribution amount will be Rs. 255.9 million including Rs. 193.2 million of the 2012-13 and Rs. 62.6 million of 2011-12..
The general assembly also decided to limit the investment in fixed deposit to 40 percent and to use maximum part to energy and infrastructure.
It has already issued general and rights shares of Rs. 935 million and prepared to work as market developer by establishing subsidiary company to expand capital market.
The Trust established in 1990 has Rs. 46.01 billion in net fund by mid-April.

Crude oil falls below $104 as Iraq risks recede

PABLO GORONDI, Jul 04: The price of oil dropped below $104 a barrel Thursday as the risk of supply disruptions in Iraq continued to recede and two key export terminals in Libya were expected to reopen soon.
By early afternoon in Europe, benchmark U.S. crude for August delivery was down 68 cents to $103.80 a barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange, its sixth day of declines. On Wednesday, the contract fell 86 cents to $104.48.
Brent crude, a benchmark for international oils, was down 61 cents to $110.63 a barrel on the ICE Futures exchange in London.
Oil prices in recent weeks have largely been driven by concerns that violence in Iraq, OPEC´s second-largest producer, would disrupt supplies. Oil reached a 10-month closing high of $107.26 on June 20.
The al-Qaida-inspired Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant rampaged across Iraq in recent weeks, feeding off the chaos of neighboring Syria´s civil war to seize control of a large chunk of territory in Iraq and effectively erasing the border between the two countries.
Despite the chaos, Iraqi oil production continued and prices began to stabilize when the militants advance appeared to have slowed after encountering stiff resistance in Shiite-majority regions of Iraq.
Additionally, an agreement in Libya between the central government and a regional militia was expected to lead to the reopening of two eastern oil terminals which would boost the country´s crude exports by about 500,000 barrels a day.
Olivier Jakob of Petromatrix in Switzerland said that since the start of the crisis in Iraq, "the crude oil market has seen no interruption of supply from the south of Iraq, an increase of supply from the north of Iraq (Kurdistan) and the re-opening of ports in Libya."
The fall in oil prices came even as a report Wednesday from the U.S. Department of Energy showed stockpiles of crude fell a larger-than-expected 3.2 million barrels last week due to increased refinery activity.
In other energy futures trading on the Nymex:
— Wholesale gasoline was down 0.92 cent at $3.0148 a gallon.
— Natural gas added 1.9 cents to $4.376 per 1,000 cubic feet.
— Heating oil fell 1.42 cents to $2.9319 a gallon.

NTB service resumes today as agitating tourism entrepreneurs call off strike

KATHMANDU, Jun 19: The Nepal Tourism Board resumed its service today, with the agitating tourism entrepreneurs calling off their 52-day long strike.
The NTB came back to life after the Commission for Investigation of Abuse of Authority (CIAA) issued a directive to the Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation yesterday to resume its service within three days.
Also today, the Joint Tourism Coordination Committee that had been agitating against the alleged irregularities in the board called off its programmes of protest after fulfillment of its five-point demand.
It may be noted that the Government has formed two separate committees—one to probe into the alleged financial irregularities in the NTB and other to look into ways for structural reform in the board.

9 die, over 6,000 fall sick due to hepatitis 'E'

BIRATNAGAR, May 08: As many as nine locals have died and over 6,000 afflicted by hepatitis 'E' in Biratnagar Municipality.
The disease broke out two weeks ago in the town. The cause of the disease is drinking polluted water and stale food, according to doctors.
Of the sick , 80 are in critical condition while 35 are receiving treatment in intensive care unit in different hospitals, it is learnt.
Meanwhile, Minister for Forest and Soil Conservation Mahesh Acharya today met with the patients and inquired about their health.
In the context of the Hepatitis E spread in the town, the Nepal Medical Association Koshi Zonal chapter organized an interaction programme today and urged the government to take immediate measures to address the problem.
Locals have started thronging the health centres, clinics and hospitals for check up these days fearing that they might have contracted the disease, but the Health Ministry has not paid proper attention to this serious problem, said Dr Dipak Sigdel at the Koshi Zonal Hospital.
Hepatitis E was found in 400 of the 500 people who visited the hospital and various nursing homes for undergoing tests in the last two weeks, he said. Dr Sigdel said the government has not provided any financial support for carrying out the tests.
During the discussion Chairman of the Association, Dr. Mahananda Mishra, said at least a member of each family in Biratnagar Sub-metropolis is affected and the situation might become complicated day by day if the Ministry of Health did not respond seriously in time and send special teams of health workers and doctors with necessary medicines, and adopt other preventing measures.
Dr. Kailash Shrestha, Dr. Tanka Barakoti, and Dr. Narayan Kumar, among others, stressed on providing free ICU services to prevent the situation from worsening. They said if the medical services were not provided to the affected patients, it may result in the loss of many lives.
Dr. Kumar claimed the data on the number of hepatitis E patients collected by District Public Health Office, Morang, was not accurate. The office has remained indifferent towards preventing the disease, he added.
Locals said though the drinking water distributed by Nepal Water Supply Corporation was proved to be unsafe and one of the causes behind this is pollution at the water source, the administration failed to take action against the guilty.

Jennifer Lopez to perform at the World Cup ceremony

NEW YORK, Jun 11: Not so fast: J.Lo is performing at the World Cup after all.
Jennifer Lopez said in an interview with The Associated Press that she is flying to Brazil on Tuesday night to perform during the tournament´s opening ceremony on Thursday.
"I´m coming. I leave tonight. We always were going," she said. "I think people get anxious, especially with me and my schedule when I´m like, ´Ah, OK, I can leave this day, that day, I don´t know if we can make it.´"
"People get nervous and I think it was a little bit premature to announce anything," she said. "But we are definitely going."
FIFA officials announced earlier this week that the singer wouldn´t perform the official tune "We Are One (Ole Ola)" alongside Pitbull and Claudia Leitte. But Lopez said they will perform before Brazil takes on Croatia at Thursday´s opening game in Sao Paulo.
Lopez said the World Cup song was orchestrated by Pitbull, who invited her to join on the track.
"I can´t take credit for this. This was one of Pitbull´s call-ins," said Lopez, who has collaborated with the rapper on the hits "On the Floor" and "Dance Again.""He had this record and he´s like, ´I think this record could be great for the World Cup," she recalled. "He´s like, ´Will you do it with me?´ And I go, ´Yeah, of course.´"
Lopez added: "I´m so lucky that he gave me the opportunity."
The 44-year-old singer, who´s from the Bronx, is also busy promoting her new album, "A.K.A.," to be released next week.

Thai beauty queen resigns under social media fire

., Jun 10: Miss Universe Thailand has resigned less than a month into her reign after being harshly criticized on social media over her political comments and looks.
Weluree Ditsayabut, 22, tearfully announced she was giving up the title that would have allowed her to compete in the international Miss Universe pageant.
The actress and former talk show host said Monday she was initially pleased to have won the title, but that the hail of brutal comments on social media blasting her outspoken political views and calling her fat had hurt her family.
Weluree was criticized for comments she posted on Facebook attacking the "Red Shirt" supporters of the former government, whom she accused of opposing Thailand´s monarchy, and calling for the execution of their leaders. "You Red Shirts, you get out of here," she wrote in mid-November, before winning her title. "Thailand´s soil is dirty because of anti-monarchy people like you."
Weluree said that because of the criticism, "the happiness we used to have disappeared totally."
"When I saw my mom not being able to sleep at night, I couldn´t either," she told a news conference. She didn´t specify which remarks she found most hurtful.
Weluree´s comments struck at the heart of Thailand´s long-running political crisis, expressing the attitude of the country´s educated elite and royalists toward the government of then-Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra.
Yingluck, who was backed by many in Thailand´s rural north and northeast, was forced to step down last month, and the military soon afterward staged a coup against the elected civilian government.
Thai society has been sharply polarized since 2006, when Yingluck´s brother, then-Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, was ousted in a coup and subsequently fled into exile to avoid a corruption conviction. Since then until the recent coup, Thaksin´s opponents and the Red Shirts staged competing protests in an ongoing battle for political power.

Singer Chris Brown released from jail

LOS ANGELES, Jun 02: Singer Chris Brown was released early Monday from a Los Angeles County jail, authorities said.
Los Angeles Sheriff´s deputy Tony Moore told The Associated Press that Brown was released at 12:01 a.m. Monday, but he didn´t have any more details.
Brown had been in custody since mid-March, when he was arrested after being expelled from a court-ordered rehab sentence for violating its rules.
And a judge last month ordered the R&B singer to remain in jail after he admitted he violated his probation by getting into an altercation outside a hotel in Washington, D.C., last year.
In his May 9 decision, Superior Court Judge James R. Brandlin sentenced the singer to serve an additional 131 days in jail, but he had been expected to get out much sooner.
Brandlin had sentenced Brown to serve a year in county jail but gave him credit for nearly eight months. The credits include time that the singer has spent in rehab and jail, as well as credits for good behavior while behind bars.
Officials said at the time that Brown´s time in jail could be cut down even more drastically once sheriff´s officials start tallying his sentence and determine whether he´s eligible for early release.
The Grammy-winning singer was on probation after he attacked pop singer Rihanna, his then-girlfriend, hours before the 2009 Grammy Awards. In October, while on probation, Brown was accused of attacking a man outside a hotel in the nation´s capital in October. He was charged with misdemeanor assault.
During his May 9 court appearance, Brown admitted he committed a crime in that case and waived his rights to an evidentiary hearing in which prosecutors would have to prove that Brown violated his probation.
Brandlin had said Brown will have to complete the remainder of his 1,000 hours of community labor once he is released from jail. As of early February, Brown had 800 hours of community labor remaining.
The judge said he took into account that Brown was relatively young when he attacked Rihanna, and that he had a previously undiagnosed mental illness before the case began.
Brandlin ordered Brown into rehab in November and the singer was receiving treatment for anger management, substance abuse and issues related to bipolar disorder before he was dismissed in March.

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National Headlines
Power trade agreement not in interest of country: RJM Chairman KC
KATHMANDU, NEPAL, Jul 23: Chairman of Rastriya Janamorcha Chitra Bahadur KC has said that the power trade agreement proposed by neighbouring India should be rejected.
Speaking at a programme organized by the party in protest against the proposed PTA at Shanti Batika, Ratna Park today, he said the proposal that came some four months ago when the country is still in a transition is not in the interest of Nepal.
"The government not consulting with other political parties on the proposal and also not informing the parliament about the same gives room for suspicion over it", he said.
The proposal has not come in view of Nepal's development nor does it intend to free Nepalis from power outage, he claimed.
On a different note, Chairman KC said despite some reservations about the contents of the constitution the party was of the view that the constitution should be promulgated as it was inevitable for the people and country.
Student leader Diwas Poudel and programme organizing committee Chair Lal Bahadur Thapa said India's intention in the proposal was to enforce a monopoly over Nepali rivers, which, they said, would weaken Nepal's nationality.
Dunga hired as Brazil football coach
RIO DE JANEIRO, Jul 22: Brazil has hired Dunga as the coach of the national football team, returning to a job he held four years ago.
The 50-year-old Dunga replaces Luiz Felipe Scolari, who resigned last week after Brazil failed to win the World Cup. Brazil was eliminated in the semifinals in a humiliating 7-1 loss to Germany.
The Brazilian football confederation confirmed the appointment on Tuesday at its headquarters in suburban Rio de Janeiro.
Dunga was the captain of Brazil´s 1994 World Cup-winning team, and coached the national team at the 2010 World Cup in South Africa. He was dismissed after Brazil lost 2-1 in the quarterfinals to the Netherlands.
CIAA directs for suspension of 10 health officials
KATHMANDU, Jul 22: The Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority (CIAA) has directed the Health Ministry to immediately suspend 10 high ranking officials including Director of Department of Health Services Dr Ananda Kumar Shrestha on the charge of financial irregularities .
In a letter sent to the Ministry on Tuesday, the CIAA has directed the Ministry to suspend senior Public Health Administrative Officer Madan Kumar Shrestha, senior Public Health Officer Ratna Lal Shrestha, sections officers Dol Raj Sharma and Rup Narayan Khatiwada, accounts officer Yaduraj Sharma Nepal, Pharmacist Bharat Mani Marhattha, Public Health inspectors Ram Sharan Adhikari and Ramji Ghimire, and junior officer Kabiraj Subedi.
They have been charged of submitting fake receipts without actually implementing the proposed programme in the fiscal year 2068/69 and 2069/70.
The accused were found of presenting bill for a meeting hall in a hotel that did not have a hall, e-ticket of air service with double the actual fare and a bill showing that they had eaten for more than 12 times in a day.
Since there was the risk of tampering of evidence and obstruction to investigation, they have been directed to be suspended from service, the CIAA has said.
The CIAA is also reported to have been investigating complaints regarding irregularities in other units of the department.
Meanwhile, the CIAA today filed a case of corruption at the Special Court against a school principal, the school management committee chair and resource person on the charge of embezzling funds worth Rs. 2.7 million.
School principal Balmiki Prasad Yadav, school management committee chair Shyamiki Yadav and resource person Rambachan Prasad Yadav have been charged of committing the offense in the funds received for text book and scholarship for the school from fiscal year 2064/65 to 2070/71.
CA Special Committee holds discussion on poll rigging
KATHMANDU, Jul 22: The Election Study Investigation and Suggestion Parliamentary Special Committee on Monday discussed complaints related to the November 19, 2013 Constituent Assembly .
The committee was constituted as per the demand of some political parties, including the UCPN (Maoist),that stated the election saw fraud and rigging and therefore, a high level parliamentary committee should be formed to look into this.
At the committee meeting today, the members were informed about 10 complaints related to the CA election , committee secretary Jibraj Budhathoki said.
The committee has reached to the conclusion that the Election Commission, the security bodies, the political parties participating in the election and the election observers would be consulted to that connection in the next meeting.
Japan’s Assistance for Improving Environmental Sanitation of School Children in Four VDCs of Rupandehi District
KATHMANDU, NEPAL, Jul 22: The Government of Japan has decided to provide financial assistance of US Dollar 232,975.00, equivalent to approximately Nepalese Rupees 22,367,929 to AMDA Multisectoral and Integrated Development Services (AMDA-MINDS) under the Grant Assistance for Japanese NGO Projects Scheme.
AMDA-MINDS is a NGO based in Japan, which is working with Nepalese partner agency AMDA-Nepal, to implement the Project for Improving Environmental Sanitation of School Children in Four VDCs of Rupandehi District.
According to the press release, a Grant Contract relating to this project is scheduled to be signed and exchanged on 22nd July at the Embassy of Japan in Nepal between Mr. Shuichi SAKAKIBARA, Chargés d’Affaires of Japan to Nepal, and Ms. Chiho MATSUMOTO, Country Director, AMDA- MINDS Nepal Office.
This grant assistance will be used to implement a project at Kamhariya, Mainahiya, Haati Bangai and Dhamauli VDCs in Rupandehi District, aiming for the improvement of environmental sanitation for school children.
It is said that the elements of this project are set as iimprovement of the environmental sanitation in sschools, fformation of Child Clubs and their capacity building, aawareness rrising and ppromotion of hhygiene in sschools and improving the environmental sanitation through the cooperation of “Child Clubs” and communities.

Citizen's Investment Trust to provide bonus, cash dividend

KATHMANDU, JULY 16: , Jul 16: The Citizen´s Investment Trust (CIT) is to provide bonus shares and cash dividends from the profit remaining from previous years and the profit from FY 2012/13.
The 19th Annual General Assembly chaired by Ministry of Information and Communications Secretary and CIT Chairman, Suman Prasad Sharma, decided to provide 50 percent bonus shares and 2.63 percent cash dividend from the rest by keeping Rs. 38.6 million from the profit in reserve fund.
Distribution amount will be Rs. 255.9 million including Rs. 193.2 million of the 2012-13 and Rs. 62.6 million of 2011-12..
The general assembly also decided to limit the investment in fixed deposit to 40 percent and to use maximum part to energy and infrastructure.
It has already issued general and rights shares of Rs. 935 million and prepared to work as market developer by establishing subsidiary company to expand capital market.
The Trust established in 1990 has Rs. 46.01 billion in net fund by mid-April.

Crude oil falls below $104 as Iraq risks recede

PABLO GORONDI, Jul 04: The price of oil dropped below $104 a barrel Thursday as the risk of supply disruptions in Iraq continued to recede and two key export terminals in Libya were expected to reopen soon.
By early afternoon in Europe, benchmark U.S. crude for August delivery was down 68 cents to $103.80 a barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange, its sixth day of declines. On Wednesday, the contract fell 86 cents to $104.48.
Brent crude, a benchmark for international oils, was down 61 cents to $110.63 a barrel on the ICE Futures exchange in London.
Oil prices in recent weeks have largely been driven by concerns that violence in Iraq, OPEC´s second-largest producer, would disrupt supplies. Oil reached a 10-month closing high of $107.26 on June 20.
The al-Qaida-inspired Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant rampaged across Iraq in recent weeks, feeding off the chaos of neighboring Syria´s civil war to seize control of a large chunk of territory in Iraq and effectively erasing the border between the two countries.
Despite the chaos, Iraqi oil production continued and prices began to stabilize when the militants advance appeared to have slowed after encountering stiff resistance in Shiite-majority regions of Iraq.
Additionally, an agreement in Libya between the central government and a regional militia was expected to lead to the reopening of two eastern oil terminals which would boost the country´s crude exports by about 500,000 barrels a day.
Olivier Jakob of Petromatrix in Switzerland said that since the start of the crisis in Iraq, "the crude oil market has seen no interruption of supply from the south of Iraq, an increase of supply from the north of Iraq (Kurdistan) and the re-opening of ports in Libya."
The fall in oil prices came even as a report Wednesday from the U.S. Department of Energy showed stockpiles of crude fell a larger-than-expected 3.2 million barrels last week due to increased refinery activity.
In other energy futures trading on the Nymex:
— Wholesale gasoline was down 0.92 cent at $3.0148 a gallon.
— Natural gas added 1.9 cents to $4.376 per 1,000 cubic feet.
— Heating oil fell 1.42 cents to $2.9319 a gallon.

NTB service resumes today as agitating tourism entrepreneurs call off strike

KATHMANDU, Jun 19: The Nepal Tourism Board resumed its service today, with the agitating tourism entrepreneurs calling off their 52-day long strike.
The NTB came back to life after the Commission for Investigation of Abuse of Authority (CIAA) issued a directive to the Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation yesterday to resume its service within three days.
Also today, the Joint Tourism Coordination Committee that had been agitating against the alleged irregularities in the board called off its programmes of protest after fulfillment of its five-point demand.
It may be noted that the Government has formed two separate committees—one to probe into the alleged financial irregularities in the NTB and other to look into ways for structural reform in the board.

Malaysia jet victims' bodies arrive in Netherlands

KHARKIV, UKRAINE, Jul 23: Two military transport planes carrying 40 coffins bearing victims of the downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 have landed in the southern city of Eindhoven.
Six days after the Boeing 777 was shot down over the battlefields of eastern Ukraine, the first bodies finally arrived Wednesday in the Netherlands, the country that bore the heaviest toll in the crash that killed all 298 passengers and crew.
A Dutch Hercules C-130 that Dutch government spokesman Lodewijk Hekking says is carrying 16 coffins was closely followed by an Australian C-17 Globemaster plane carrying 24 coffins.

Plane crashes in Taiwan, 47 trapped, feared dead

TAIPEI, TAIWAN, Jul 23: A plane landing in stormy weather crashed outside an airport on a small Taiwanese island late Wednesday, and a transport minister said 47 people were trapped and feared dead.
Taiwan´s Transport Minister Yeh Kuang-shih was quoted by the government´s Central News Agency as saying another 11 people were injured after the plane crashed and caught fire while making a second landing attempt.
The agency had earlier reported, citing a local fire brigade chief, that 51 people had been killed.
Flight GE222, an ATR-72 aircraft operated by Taiwanese airline TransAsia Airways, was heading from the southern port city of Kaohsiung to the island Penghu, halfway between the Chinese mainland and Taiwan in the Taiwan Strait, according to the Taiwanese news agency.
It crashed outside the airport in Xixi village, and pictures showed in local media showed a handful of firefighters using flashlights to look at wreckage in the darkness.
Penghu is a lightly populated island that averages about two flights a day from Taipei.
Yeh, the transport minister, was quoted as saying the flight carried 58 passengers and crew members.
Taiwan was battered by Typhoon Matmo early Tuesday morning, and the Central Weather Bureau was advising of heavy rain through the evening, even though the center of the storm was in mainland China.

James Rodriguez signs 6-year deal with Real Madrid

MADRID, Jul 22: A week after finishing the World Cup as the tournament´s top scorer with six goals, Colombia forward James Rodriguez signed a six-year deal with Real Madrid on Tuesday.
The 23-year-old Rodriguez, who helped Colombia reach the quarterfinals in Brazil, passed a medical examination at the Sanitas Clinic in the northern suburb of La Moraleja and will be presented to fans at the Santiago Bernabeu Stadium on Tuesday afternoon.
"I´m very happy," Rodriguez said as he left the clinic. "Everything went well."
Sports newspapers Marca and As said Madrid agreed to pay Monaco 80 million euros ($108 million) for Rodriguez. He is expected to join the squad on Aug. 1. Rodriguez´s goal against Uruguay in the second round of the World Cup, when he chested the ball down and then volleyed it in, was voted the best goal of the tournament.
Rodriguez will strengthen Madrid´s offensive lineup by joining Cristiano Ronaldo, Gareth Bale and Karim Benzema in attack.
The Colombia forward will likely wear the No. 10 shirt, vacated when Mesut Ozil left Madrid for Arsenal.
Rodriguez, who had joined Monaco from FC Porto last year, is Madrid´s second signing .

Review Nepal Gallery

Rhododendron forest in Annapurna region, with Dhaulagiri at the background.
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Mount Everest, the highest pick of the world.
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Pashupatinath Temple
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Lumbini is the birth of place of Lord Buddha and has been declared as a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO. Shakyamuni Buddha was born in Lumbin
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Speech of Rt Hon Hugo Swire MP, Minister of State at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, delivered at Tri-Chandra Campus on June 3

Sabailai namaste. Aunubhaekoma dhanyabad. Which I am told means “welcome and thank you for coming”. I would also like to welcome listeners to Capital FM 92.4 in Kathmandu and Radio Sarangi 191.3 in Biratnagar and Pokhara.
As British Foreign Office Minister with responsibility for South Asia, I am delighted to be here, on my first ever visit to Nepal. It is a real honour to be asked to speak at the iconic Tri Chandra College. Countless important and influential figures from Nepalese culture, science and politics have preceded you through this hallowed institution.
Indeed, the college is renowned for being at the heart of Nepal’s vibrant student political scene, so it is no surprise that it counts a former Prime Minister and several serving Constituent Assembly members among its eminent alumni – some of whom are here today.
Each of them began as you are – students. And so I am particularly pleased to have the opportunity to talk to you- the next generation of Nepal’s business and political leaders. Your futures, and the fate of your nation, are in your hands.
Everyone I have spoken to has told me that Nepal is a land of exceptional beauty – which I saw for myself earlier at Pokhara with its views of the Annapurna range. That it is a land rich in history and culture. But also one blessed with great potential.
I urge you to seize that potential – as well as fulfilling your own – and the unique opportunities open to you as Nepal moves out of the shadow of conflict towards a lasting constitutional settlement, and lays the foundations for peace, prosperity and political stability. And, as you do so, you will continue to find in Britain the staunchest of allies.
Bicentenary of UK-Nepal relations: the history
It is no coincidence that my visit comes on the cusp of two very significant bicentennial anniversaries in UK-Nepalese relations. Both of these matter immensely to the UK and its people. Taken together, they form the heart of our bilateral ties. The first anniversary will be next year’s bicentenary of recruitment to the Brigade of Gurkhas. There is no finer or more feared unit of soldiers anywhere in the world – or better ambassadors for the values held by the Nepalese people. And this year we commemorate the start of the First World War, a conflict during which three Gurkhas were awarded the Victoria Cross - Britain’s highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy.
Indeed, their service continues to be admired, valued and respected in equal measure, across the UK, to this day. Their sacrifices are remembered as one of our own – as befits one of the most heavily decorated regiments in the British army. I was therefore pleased to be able to see firsthand the outstanding work of the Gurkha Welfare Scheme – which ensures dignity in old age and a better quality of life for the Gurkhas’, their dependants and their communities.
I say this not just as a former soldier – but also the son-in-law of a Gurkha officer. That certainly gave me an early appreciation for the might of the Gurkhas. It is nerve-wracking enough meeting your girlfriend’s parents for the first time, without knowing that her father has 30 Gurkhas under his command! March 2016 will mark the second important anniversary in our bilateral relations: the bicentenary of the Treaty of Sugauli which saw the first permanent diplomatic mission established in Kathmandu, by Britain of course. And right up to 1951, we were the only foreign country represented here. If that does not count as a special relationship, then I am not sure what does.
The world has changed beyond all recognition since these events 200 years ago. So why should you, the future of Nepal care? Why should they still matter today? And why do we still value them as highly as we do?
Because the difference between what we can do alone and what we are capable of when we work together is immense. Our solutions to the challenges we face, not the problems themselves, should shape our futures and make a difference to the world- whether in security, peace and prosperity, tackling climate change or ensuring that people everywhere have a voice and a vote.
Building a safer future
With peace at home, Nepal is working with the UK to build a safer future for the world. Nepal has the distinction of having moved from being an “importer” of security during the conflict to an “exporter” of security today.
Across Nepal young people know all too well the cost of war, and are working for peace and stability in some of the world’s toughest environments.
Nepal’s contributions to UN Peacekeeping Missions worldwide do your country enormous credit – and Britain knows from experience that Nepalese Army personnel currently wearing blue helmets are regarded as some of the most reliable and effective operators in the field. Without you, the world – and by extension the British people – would be less safe, and less prosperous.
Building growth and prosperity
Once peace is assured, people’s thoughts naturally turn to the universal goal of securing a better life for themselves and their children. The question on everybody’s mind becomes “how can we get our economy growing, create jobs and opportunity for all?”
It’s a question that has been central to meetings throughout my visit. Nepal has a proud recent record in reducing poverty- supported by the international community- led by the UK: Nepal’s largest bilateral aid donor.
But students, like you, the world over, ask the same questions: how will I get a job and make use of the qualifications for which I have worked so hard?
Ultimately no one else can make growth happen for you. The answer has to come from Nepal – and from each of you. Innovate, be creative, take risks, find the gap in the market and when you have a good idea, don’t stop until it becomes a reality.
And it is also your role to hold Government to account and ensure it delivers on its promises to create a thriving and open business environment. And I am pleased to be here at the head of a delegation of British companies looking to do business with Nepal and deepen our bilateral trade and investment links.
Green economy and Climate Change opportunities
One area that is especially interesting for me - and the biggest potential I see personally for Nepal’s future prosperity - is the scope for Nepal to pioneer a truly green economy.
The UK has shown its commitment to greening its own economy, pushing for a 30% reduction in carbon emissions by 2020 and establishing an International Climate Fund of 3.9 billion pounds to help climate vulnerable developing countries like Nepal. We congratulate the Government of Nepal for the leadership it has shown on climate change - keeping climate change on the national agenda, and leading the LDC nations in climate talks.
Everyone I have spoken to talks of the energy crisis here and climate change is already having a real impact. Clearly this needs to be fixed, otherwise economic growth and investment will be held back, and health and livelihoods will be damaged.
But Nepal, a negligible carbon emitter, is in the enviable position of having the potential to supply all its energy needs in sustainable, low carbon ways. We are helping Nepal move in this direction, supporting work in climate adaptation, disaster risk reduction, forestry and hydropower.
By 2015, the UK will have spent 45 million pounds from the International Climate Fund on community forestry activities, and to support remote communities to adapt to climate change through micro-hydro schemes, solar home systems and biomass gas converters.
Hydropower is central to Nepal’s economic growth, and we are working to help Nepal deliver on this potential – tapping the energy of the fast flowing Himalayan rivers will be a major part of the solution, both here and in your wider region.
But I am also struck by the potential for other sources of renewable energy, from solar, water and forest resources. Taken together, Nepal really is a land of incredible potential, and I have met people in my last day here who are already making concrete progress towards turning that potential into reality. Through innovation and hard work entrepreneurs are already building the future right here in Kathmandu – households and businesses are already installing low carbon and resource efficient technologies to cut their bills and improve their lives.
Imagine a future – a not too distant future – in which the flat roofs of the Kathmandu valley generate energy from solar panels, or are used to produce food. A future in which new jobs and opportunities are created in sectors that at the moment are either just emerging or simply do not exist – everything from the design and installation of smart energy grids, to measuring and managing water consumption; designing efficient public transport; to improving logistics that reduce waste and improve productivity.
These may seem distant dreams to someone in living in rural Nepal. But, as the science students here will know, Nepal is in a position to leapfrog old technologies and to build a low carbon and resource efficient economy that will deliver sustained and sustainable growth for both yourselves and future generations. All it needs is vision, energy and a willingness to work together, and in the UK you have a partner with world-class centres of excellence in science and engineering that can help Nepal make effective use of its resources whilst preserving its breathtaking environment.
So it is in these fields – the green economy and managing climate change - that I see scope for increased commercial, personal and academic links between the UK and Nepal. It is at institutions like this one – with talented and enterprising students - where I see those new green energy jobs being created. This is the place where academic research will be translated into practical action and lay the foundations of both the UK and Nepal’s future prosperity.
Which is why I am pleased to announce today a tripling of Chevening Scholarships, to encourage more students from Nepal to study at the UK’s world-leading universities and join the long tradition of educational and academic exchange between our two countries.
The peace process and democracy underpin growth There is a Nepalese proverb that I am sure you know well: “Opportunities come but do not linger.” Today, in all these areas, there are opportunities for Nepal to seize. But to make the most of them, the time has come for its leaders to complete the peace process, agree a new Constitution and hold local elections. Only these can bring the political stability and greater democratic accountability needed to help Nepal unlock its economic potential.
From my discussions with them, the leaders of this incredible country understand that. I assured them, and I assure all of you here now, that the UK will remain committed to helping Nepal realise that vision, in any way we can.
Our countries have been united in a unique friendship for almost two hundred years. And if cooperation between the UK and Nepal can conquer the world’s highest mountain, as happened 61 years ago, there is surely no limit to the heights we can reach. Those famous, oft-quoted words of Sir Ralph Turner from almost 90 years ago, remain as true today as the day they were written: “the bravest of the brave, most generous of the generous, never had country more faithful friends than you.”
By working together to solve the challenges of the present we will lay the foundations of a further 200 years of UK-Nepal friendship. We want to hear and see more of you –your diplomats, soldiers and students. Your voice is respected, and your views welcome. The world faces many new challenges, but brings huge opportunities too. We must seize them together. Because they may not linger.

Sports Updates
France defender Jeremy Mathieu signs for Barcelona

MADRID, Jul 23: Barcelona says it has signed France defender Jeremy Mathieu on a four-year contract with an option to extend it for another season.
The club says in a statement on Wednesday that it reached an agreement with Valencia, where Mathieu has played since 2009.
Barcelona says it has paid 20 million euros ($27 million) for the 30-year-old Mathieu, with a buyout clause fixed at 50 million euros.
The 1.90-meter (6-foot-3) Mathieu has seven goals in 176 matches with Valencia, and is prized for his cool assurance while defending high balls in the penalty area.
The defender will be presented to fans at the Camp Nou on Thursday.

Germany top of FIFA rankings after World Cup win

ZURICH: , Jul 17: Germany has climbed to the top of the FIFA rankings after winning the World Cup for the first time in 24 years.
The four-time champions, who beat Argentina 1-0 at the Maracana on Sunday, have replaced Spain in first place as well as succeeding them as world champions.
Argentina and the Netherlands complete the new-look top three.
Spain's title defense surprisingly ended in the group stage, and the team has dropped to eighth place.
First-round exits also led to Portugal going down seven places to 11th, Italy dropping five to 14th and England plummeting 10 spots to 20th.

Weary Dutch have no interest in 3rd place game

SAO PAULO, Jul 10: The Netherlands squad must stay at the World Cup when coach Louis van Gaal dearly wishes they could just go home. Next up? The game no one wants to play.
Faced with the prospect of the third-place game against host Brazil on Saturday after a disappointing semifinal loss to Argentina, Dutch coach Louis van Gaal has criticized the match as meaningless and "nothing whatsoever to do with sports."
"I think that this match should never be played," Van Gaal said after his team went out 4-2 in a penalty shootout following a 0-0 deadlock through 120 minutes against the Argentines. "I've been saying this for 10 years. But anyway, we will just have to play that match."
The Dutch somehow have to lift themselves one last time at the World Cup. Tired and bitterly disappointed, it won't be easy.
"They can keep it." Netherlands forward Arjen Robben replied dismissively to a question on how he felt about playing for third. "Only one prize counts and that is becoming world champion."
Having lost the World Cup final four years ago, the Netherlands attitude is understandable. And although Van Gaal has been campaigning for a decade to get the game scrapped, the Dutch must honor the commitment.
But while the Netherlands players aren't really interested, the Brazil squad sees the game as an immediate opportunity for redemption following a 7-1 humiliation by Germany in the semifinals. That has left one team much more determined to play this match than the other.
"Life goes on, we need to look forward to our next goal, and our next goal is to win the match for third place," Brazil coach Luiz Felipe Scolari said. "We have to play it. It has become our main goal."
Far from a main goal, it's an irritation for the Netherlands.
Van Gaal said there were a number of things he didn't like about the match, but the one that really grated with him is that a team faces the possibility of going home off back-to-back losses after doing so well and making the last four of a World Cup. The Brazilians have also had an extra day of rest after their semifinal on Tuesday.
"So that's not fair play either," Van Gaal said. "But the worst thing is, I believe, that chances are that you lose twice in a row. A tournament where you've played so marvelously well, that you go home as a loser just because you could possibly lose the last two matches. So, this has got nothing whatsoever to do with sports, not in my view."

Technology & Information
Swiss-made solar plane makes maiden flight

BERLIN, Jun 02: A Swiss-made solar-powered aircraft has made a successful inaugural flight as its makers prepare for what they hope will be the first round-the-world solar flight.
The Solar Impulse 2 team said the aircraft spent 2 hours and 17 minutes in the air above western Switzerland early Monday. They plan several other flights over the coming months.
The Solar Impulse 2 is a bigger and better version of a single-seat prototype that first took flight five years ago. Bertrand Piccard and Andre Borschberg, the project´s founders, say it theoretically can stay airborne indefinitely. The plane soaks up energy from the sun through some 17,200 solar cells that cover its massive wings, which span 72 meters (236 feet).
Piccard and Borschberg hope to fly the aircraft around the world next year.

TU central library developing as e-library

KATHMANDU, May 16: Efforts are on to develop the TU central library, the biggest library in the country, as an e-library according to the wish of readers and changing times.
The library was established in 2016 BS along with the establishment of the Tribhuvan University at Tripureshwar and was shifted to Kirtipur in 2020 BS.
The library had come into operation with the collection of only 200 books but now there are over 400,000 books on different subjects and a large number of national and international research journals, library sources said.
The library has made preparations to developing it into an e-library. For this purpose, the library has started microfilming the old and tattered books, chief librarian Janardan Dhungana said. The library has set up a solar panel capable of generating 12 kilowatts power, as the library was facing power shortage in the past days, he added.
Meanwhile, the library administration has started distributing digital identity cards to its users. The library also has a plan of developing a research centre and has allocated rooms for that purpose, Dhungana further said.

Samsung Selects New Mobile Design Chief

.., May 08: Samsung has replaced its chief of mobile design, following last week's resignation of Chang Dong-hoon.
Lee Min-hyouk, vice president for mobile design, will take the department reigns, Reuters reported.
The 42-year-old in 2010 became Samsung's youngest senior executive, due to his work in designing the Galaxy handset series, which has helped the South Korean company dominate the global smartphone space. Now, as Reuters pointed out, Samsung sells twice as many smartphones as Apple.
But the recent launch of its next-generation Galaxy flagship phone did not receive the same warm welcome as its predecessors. The GS5's all-plastic design—a sticking point for PCMag's reviewers—was slammed for looking cheap, while the handset's lack of hardware innovations did little to excite customers.
Samsung did not immediately respond to PCMag's request for comment.